What is CNC wood Cutting Machine / CNC Wood Router?

A CNC wood cutting machine, know as CNC wood router is a CNC Router tool that creates objects from wood. CNC stands for computer numerical control. The CNC works on the Cartesian coordinate system (X, Y, Z) for 3D motion control. Parts of a project can be designed in the computer with a CAD/CAM program, and then cut automatically using a router or other cutters to produce a finished part.

The CNC Router is ideal for hobbies, engineering prototyping, product development, art, and production work.


Operation of CNC wood cutting machine (CNC wood Router)

A CNC wood router uses CNC (computer numerical control) and is similar to a metal CNC mill with the following differences:

  • The wood router typically spins faster — with a range of 13,000 to 24,000 RPM
  • Professional quality machines frequently use surface facing tools up to 3" in diameter or more, and spindle power from 5 to 15 horsepower. Machines capable of routing heavy material at over a thousand inches per minute are common.
  • Some machines use smaller toolholders MK2 (Morse taper #2 - on older machines), ISO-30, HSK-63 or the tools just get held in a collet tool holder affixed directly to the spindle nose. ISO-30 and HSK-63 are rapid-change toolholding systems. HSK-63 has begun to supplant the ISO-30 as the rapid change standard in recent years.

A wood router is controlled in the same way as a metal mill, but there are CAM and CAD applications such as Artcam, Mastercam, Bobcad, and Featurecam, which are specifically designed for use with wood routers.

Wood routers are frequently used to machine other soft materials such as plastics.

Typical three-axis CNC wood routers are generally much bigger than their metal shop counterparts. 5' x 5', 4' x 8', and 5' x 10' are typical bed sizes for wood routers. They can be built to accommodate very large sizes up to, but not limited to 12' x 100'. The table can move, allowing for true three axis (xyz) motion, or the gantry can move, which requires the third axis to be controlled by two slaved servo motors.


NT-1325 CNC Wood Cutting Machine 

Main parameter of cnc wood cutting machine NT-1325: 

Working Area:   1300mm X 2500mm

Spindle:  3 KW Water Cooling 24000 RPM

Working Speed:   20000mm/ Minute

Travel Speed:  30000mm/ Minute

Resolution:   0.025mm

Woden Plank Fixing:  Vacuum Pump / T-Slot ( Clamping)

CNC Controller:  USB Offline (DSP Handy)

Drive System:  Stepper Drives

Motors:  Stepper Motors

Collet Type:   ER20 ( 3mm, 6mm, 12mm)

Body:  Welded Steel

XY Transmit: Gear Rack & Pinion

Z Transmit:  Ball Screw

Linear: Square Linear Guides and Blocks

Acceptable Material: Wood, Plastic, Acrylic, ACP

Working Voltage:  AC380v / 50-60Hz/ 3-Phase (to request)

Weight: 1100 Kgs 

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CNC Wood Cutting Machine with Post Cutting Rotator

CNC Wood Cutting Machine with Post Cutting Rotator.

The rotator mounted here to provide Post Cutting for textures engraving on post, like hand rail etc. 

The Post cutting has two specifications: Dia 125mm and Dia 200mm. 


CNC wood Cutting Machine with Controller

The CNC Wood Cutting machine is controlled by the CNC center with NC format drawing to guide the cutting route. The Drawings can be imported from a PC or laptop. Here are some textures commonly used for the wood textures. 

some useful textures normally applied

Useful Links

1. Roll Forming Machine: http://www.ni-forming.com 

2. Roll Forming Provider: http://rollformingmachine.webs.com

3.PVC Panel: http://www.pvc-works.com 

4.PVC Panel Net: http://www.pvc-panel.net